KONFLIK PEMANFAATAN RUANG AKIBAT PENAMBANGAN EMAS TANPA IJIN (PETI) DI KAWASAN HUTAN PRODUKSI TERBATAS
Regional autonomy era causes the rate of forest destruction has increased, it is influenced by policies in favor of political interests. Practice management and utilization of forest resources in Indonesia have been conducted from time to time with various periods in accordance with the orientation of the priorities and the achievement of targets. Management contributions and utilization of forest resources in the framework of national development as it turns out has caused many negative access and conflict. Currently being was a struggle for resources in forest areas Bolango Bone regency, which at that time still a forest area Park Nani Wartabone (TNBW). This study aims to assess the utilization of space conflicts caused by mining gold without permits in limited production forest area. The research method is descriptive qualitative data collection techniques used are overlay maps, interviews (interview), and in-depth interviews (in-depth interview). This study found. Analysis on purpose to understand the attitudes, behaviors, and views individually or in groups to environmental conditions. The study found that the conflict in the forests of limited production caused by the entry of mining companies in 1971 and this is causing ongoing struggle for neighborhood social activity increased, the level of economic needs of society increases, the biophysical condition of limited production forest damage occurred, although not significantly influence environment evidenced by the high rate of erosion and sedimentation, water pollution in water bodies.
Keywords: forest destruction, conflict, rehabilitation
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